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The Resource Introduction to industrial polypropylene : properties, catalysts, processes, Dennis B. Malpass and Elliot I. Band

Introduction to industrial polypropylene : properties, catalysts, processes, Dennis B. Malpass and Elliot I. Band

Label
Introduction to industrial polypropylene : properties, catalysts, processes
Title
Introduction to industrial polypropylene
Title remainder
properties, catalysts, processes
Statement of responsibility
Dennis B. Malpass and Elliot I. Band
Creator
Contributor
Subject
Language
eng
Cataloging source
DLC
http://library.link/vocab/creatorName
Malpass, Dennis B
Illustrations
illustrations
Index
index present
Literary form
non fiction
Nature of contents
bibliography
http://library.link/vocab/relatedWorkOrContributorName
Band, Elliot I
http://library.link/vocab/subjectName
  • Polypropylene
  • Polymers
  • Polymerization
Label
Introduction to industrial polypropylene : properties, catalysts, processes, Dennis B. Malpass and Elliot I. Band
Instantiates
Publication
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references and index
Contents
  • Types and Nomenclature of Polypropylene
  • 4.12.
  • Concluding Remarks
  • 4.13.
  • Questions
  • References
  • 5.
  • Aluminum Alkyls in Ziegler-Natta Catalysts
  • 5.1.
  • Organometallic Compounds
  • 5.2.
  • 1.4.
  • Characteristics of Aluminum Alkyls
  • 5.2.1.
  • Basic Physical and Chemical Properties
  • 5.2.2.
  • Hydride Content
  • 5.2.3.
  • Other R3Al Impurities
  • 5.2.4.
  • Analysis of Aluminum Alkyls
  • 5.2.5.
  • Molecular Weight of Polypropylene
  • Impurities Resulting from Exposure to Minute Concentrations of Water and Oxygen
  • 5.2.6.
  • Assays of Aluminum Alkyls
  • 5.2.7.
  • Reactivity with Organic Substrates
  • 5.2.8.
  • Reactivity with CO2 and CO
  • 5.2.9.
  • Distillation
  • 5.2.10.
  • 1.5.
  • Association of Aluminum Alkyls
  • 5.2.11.
  • Storage Stability
  • 5.2.12.
  • Thermal Stability
  • 5.3.
  • Production of Aluminum Alkyls
  • 5.4.
  • Reducing Agent for the Transition Metal
  • 5.5.
  • Transition Metal Catalysts for Propylene Polymerization
  • Alkylating Agent for Creation of Active Centers
  • 5.6.
  • Scavenger of Catalyst Poisons
  • 5.7.
  • Chain Transfer Agent
  • 5.8.
  • Safety and Handling of Aluminum Alkyls
  • 5.9.
  • Questions
  • References
  • 1.6.
  • 6.
  • Single Site Catalysts and Cocatalysts
  • 6.1.
  • Introduction
  • 6.2.
  • The Structures of Metallocenes and SSCs
  • 6.3.
  • Non-Metallocene Polymerization Catalysts
  • 6.4.
  • Cocatalysts for SSCs
  • Questions
  • 6.4.1.
  • Aluminoxanes
  • 6.4.2.
  • Organoboron Cocatalysts
  • 6.4.3.
  • Activated Supports
  • 6.5.
  • Supports for SSCs
  • 6.6.
  • Characteristics of mPP
  • References
  • 6.7.
  • Selected Applications of mPP Resins
  • 6.7.1.
  • Medical Applications
  • 6.7.2.
  • Thin Wall Food Containers
  • 6.7.3.
  • High Clarity Bottles for Personal Care
  • 6.7.4.
  • Waxes
  • 2.
  • 6.7.5.
  • New Resins from Hybrid Catalysts to Make Polypropylene Alloys
  • 6.8.
  • Metallocene Synthesis
  • 6.9.
  • Syndiotactic Polypropylene
  • 6.10.
  • Commercial Reality and Concluding Remarks
  • 6.11.
  • Questions
  • Polymer Characterization
  • References
  • 7.
  • Catalyst Manufacture
  • 7.1.
  • Introduction
  • 7.2.
  • Development of the Manufacturing Process
  • 7.3.
  • Chemistry of Catalyst Manufacture
  • 7.4.
  • Machine generated contents note:
  • 2.1.
  • Raw Materials Storage and Handling
  • 7.5.
  • Catalyst Preparation
  • 7.6.
  • Catalyst Drying
  • 7.7.
  • Catalyst Packaging
  • 7.8.
  • Recovery and Recycle of Spent Solvents
  • 7.9.
  • Introduction
  • Prepolymerization at the Catalyst Manufacturing Plant
  • 7.10.
  • Plant Size
  • 7.11.
  • Site Safety
  • 7.12.
  • Quality Control and Specifications
  • 7.13.
  • Diagram of a Hypothetical Plant
  • 7.14.
  • 2.2.
  • Custom Manufacture
  • 7.15.
  • Brief Consideration of Metallocene Catalyst Manufacture
  • 7.16.
  • Concluding Remarks
  • 7.17.
  • Questions
  • References
  • 8.
  • An Overview of Industrial Polypropylene Processes
  • Polymer Tacticity
  • 8.1.
  • Introduction
  • 8.2.
  • Slurry (Suspension) Processes
  • 8.3.
  • Bulk ("Liquid Pool") Process
  • 8.4.
  • "Loop Slurry" Process (Chevron Phillips Chemical)
  • 8.5.
  • Gas Phase Processes
  • 2.2.1.
  • 8.6.
  • Solution Process
  • 8.7.
  • Hybrid Processes
  • 8.8.
  • Kinetics and Reactivity Ratios
  • 8.9.
  • Emergency Stoppage of Polymerization
  • 8.10.
  • Questions
  • Introduction
  • References
  • 9.
  • Laboratory Catalyst Synthesis
  • 9.1.
  • Introduction
  • 9.2.
  • General Synthesis Requirements
  • 9.3.
  • Equipment Requirements
  • 9.4.
  • 2.2.2.
  • Synthesis Schedule
  • 9.5.
  • Handling TiCl4
  • 9.6.
  • Handling Diethylaluminum Chloride
  • 9.7.
  • Spent Liquids
  • 9.8.
  • Synthetic Procedure for Fourth Generation Supported Catalyst
  • 9.8.1.
  • Measurement of Polymer Microtacticity by 13C NMR
  • Introduction
  • 9.8.2.
  • Procedure
  • 9.9.
  • Synthetic Procedure for Second Generation Precipitated TiCl3 Catalyst
  • 9.9.1.
  • Introduction
  • 9.9.2.
  • Procedure
  • 9.10.
  • 2.2.3.
  • Catalyst Analysis
  • 9.11.
  • Questions
  • References
  • 10.
  • Polymerization Catalyst Testing
  • 10.1.
  • Introduction
  • 10.2.
  • Facility Requirements
  • Total Isotactic Index
  • 10.3.
  • The Autoclave
  • 10.4.
  • Key Equipment Items
  • 10.5.
  • Raw Materials
  • 10.6.
  • Polymerization Conditions
  • 10.7.
  • Autoclave Preparation
  • 1.
  • 2.2.4.
  • 10.8.
  • Polymerization Test Procedure
  • 10.9.
  • Reproducibility
  • 10.10.
  • Testing Metallocene Catalysts
  • 10.11.
  • Questions
  • References
  • 11.
  • Total Xylene Insolubles
  • Downstream Aspects of Polypropylene
  • 11.1.
  • Introduction
  • 11.2.
  • Additives
  • 11.3.
  • Fabrication Methods
  • 11.4.
  • Biopolymers
  • 11.5.
  • 2.3.
  • Environmental
  • 11.6.
  • Questions
  • References
  • 12.
  • Overview of Polypropylene Markets
  • 12.1.
  • Introduction
  • 12.2.
  • The Supply Chain for Polypropylene
  • Molecular Weight and Molecular Weight Distribution
  • 12.3.
  • The Global Polypropylene Market
  • 12.4.
  • Questions
  • References
  • 13.
  • The Future of Polypropylene
  • 13.1.
  • Introduction
  • 13.2.
  • 2.3.1.
  • Key Growth Markets for Polypropylene
  • 13.3.
  • Polypropylene and Free Markets
  • 13.4.
  • Questions
  • References
  • Introduction
  • 2.3.2.
  • Gel Permeation Chromatography
  • 2.3.3.
  • Intrinsic Viscosity
  • Introduction to Polymers of Propylene
  • 2.3.4.
  • Melt Flow Rate
  • 2.4.
  • Polymer Bulk Density
  • 2.4.1.
  • Introduction
  • 2.4.2.
  • Measurement Method
  • 2.5.
  • Particle Size Distribution and Morphology
  • 1.1.
  • 2.5.1.
  • Introduction
  • 2.5.2.
  • Measurement Method
  • 2.6.
  • Questions
  • References
  • 3.
  • Ziegler-Natta Catalysts
  • 3.1.
  • Origins of Crystalline Polypropylene
  • A Brief History of Ziegler-Natta Catalysts
  • 3.2.
  • Definitions and Nomenclature
  • 3.3.
  • Characteristics of Ziegler-Natta Catalysts
  • 3.4.
  • Early Commercial Ziegler-Natta Catalysts
  • 3.5.
  • Supported Ziegler-Natta Catalysts
  • 3.6.
  • 1.2.
  • Prepolymerized Ziegler-Natta Catalysts
  • 3.7.
  • Mechanism of Ziegler-Natta Polymerization
  • 3.8.
  • Questions and Exercises
  • References
  • 4.
  • Propylene Polymerization Catalysts
  • 4.1.
  • Introduction
  • Basic Description of Polypropylene
  • 4.2.
  • Zero Generation Ziegler-Natta Catalysts
  • 4.3.
  • First Generation ZN Catalysts
  • 4.4.
  • Second Generation ZN Catalysts
  • 4.5.
  • Third Generation ZN Catalysts
  • 4.6.
  • Fourth Generation ZN Catalysts
  • 1.3.
  • 4.7.
  • Fifth Generation ZN Catalysts
  • 4.8.
  • ZN Catalysts for Atactic Polypropylene
  • 4.9.
  • Metallocenes and Other Single Site Catalysts
  • 4.10.
  • Cocatalysts for ZN Catalysts
  • 4.11.
  • Kinetics and ZN Catalyst Productivity
Control code
ocn756596972
Dimensions
25 cm
Extent
xxiv, 327 p.
Isbn
9781118062760
Isbn Type
(cloth)
Lccn
2012011007
Other physical details
ill.
System control number
(OCoLC)756596972
Label
Introduction to industrial polypropylene : properties, catalysts, processes, Dennis B. Malpass and Elliot I. Band
Publication
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references and index
Contents
  • Types and Nomenclature of Polypropylene
  • 4.12.
  • Concluding Remarks
  • 4.13.
  • Questions
  • References
  • 5.
  • Aluminum Alkyls in Ziegler-Natta Catalysts
  • 5.1.
  • Organometallic Compounds
  • 5.2.
  • 1.4.
  • Characteristics of Aluminum Alkyls
  • 5.2.1.
  • Basic Physical and Chemical Properties
  • 5.2.2.
  • Hydride Content
  • 5.2.3.
  • Other R3Al Impurities
  • 5.2.4.
  • Analysis of Aluminum Alkyls
  • 5.2.5.
  • Molecular Weight of Polypropylene
  • Impurities Resulting from Exposure to Minute Concentrations of Water and Oxygen
  • 5.2.6.
  • Assays of Aluminum Alkyls
  • 5.2.7.
  • Reactivity with Organic Substrates
  • 5.2.8.
  • Reactivity with CO2 and CO
  • 5.2.9.
  • Distillation
  • 5.2.10.
  • 1.5.
  • Association of Aluminum Alkyls
  • 5.2.11.
  • Storage Stability
  • 5.2.12.
  • Thermal Stability
  • 5.3.
  • Production of Aluminum Alkyls
  • 5.4.
  • Reducing Agent for the Transition Metal
  • 5.5.
  • Transition Metal Catalysts for Propylene Polymerization
  • Alkylating Agent for Creation of Active Centers
  • 5.6.
  • Scavenger of Catalyst Poisons
  • 5.7.
  • Chain Transfer Agent
  • 5.8.
  • Safety and Handling of Aluminum Alkyls
  • 5.9.
  • Questions
  • References
  • 1.6.
  • 6.
  • Single Site Catalysts and Cocatalysts
  • 6.1.
  • Introduction
  • 6.2.
  • The Structures of Metallocenes and SSCs
  • 6.3.
  • Non-Metallocene Polymerization Catalysts
  • 6.4.
  • Cocatalysts for SSCs
  • Questions
  • 6.4.1.
  • Aluminoxanes
  • 6.4.2.
  • Organoboron Cocatalysts
  • 6.4.3.
  • Activated Supports
  • 6.5.
  • Supports for SSCs
  • 6.6.
  • Characteristics of mPP
  • References
  • 6.7.
  • Selected Applications of mPP Resins
  • 6.7.1.
  • Medical Applications
  • 6.7.2.
  • Thin Wall Food Containers
  • 6.7.3.
  • High Clarity Bottles for Personal Care
  • 6.7.4.
  • Waxes
  • 2.
  • 6.7.5.
  • New Resins from Hybrid Catalysts to Make Polypropylene Alloys
  • 6.8.
  • Metallocene Synthesis
  • 6.9.
  • Syndiotactic Polypropylene
  • 6.10.
  • Commercial Reality and Concluding Remarks
  • 6.11.
  • Questions
  • Polymer Characterization
  • References
  • 7.
  • Catalyst Manufacture
  • 7.1.
  • Introduction
  • 7.2.
  • Development of the Manufacturing Process
  • 7.3.
  • Chemistry of Catalyst Manufacture
  • 7.4.
  • Machine generated contents note:
  • 2.1.
  • Raw Materials Storage and Handling
  • 7.5.
  • Catalyst Preparation
  • 7.6.
  • Catalyst Drying
  • 7.7.
  • Catalyst Packaging
  • 7.8.
  • Recovery and Recycle of Spent Solvents
  • 7.9.
  • Introduction
  • Prepolymerization at the Catalyst Manufacturing Plant
  • 7.10.
  • Plant Size
  • 7.11.
  • Site Safety
  • 7.12.
  • Quality Control and Specifications
  • 7.13.
  • Diagram of a Hypothetical Plant
  • 7.14.
  • 2.2.
  • Custom Manufacture
  • 7.15.
  • Brief Consideration of Metallocene Catalyst Manufacture
  • 7.16.
  • Concluding Remarks
  • 7.17.
  • Questions
  • References
  • 8.
  • An Overview of Industrial Polypropylene Processes
  • Polymer Tacticity
  • 8.1.
  • Introduction
  • 8.2.
  • Slurry (Suspension) Processes
  • 8.3.
  • Bulk ("Liquid Pool") Process
  • 8.4.
  • "Loop Slurry" Process (Chevron Phillips Chemical)
  • 8.5.
  • Gas Phase Processes
  • 2.2.1.
  • 8.6.
  • Solution Process
  • 8.7.
  • Hybrid Processes
  • 8.8.
  • Kinetics and Reactivity Ratios
  • 8.9.
  • Emergency Stoppage of Polymerization
  • 8.10.
  • Questions
  • Introduction
  • References
  • 9.
  • Laboratory Catalyst Synthesis
  • 9.1.
  • Introduction
  • 9.2.
  • General Synthesis Requirements
  • 9.3.
  • Equipment Requirements
  • 9.4.
  • 2.2.2.
  • Synthesis Schedule
  • 9.5.
  • Handling TiCl4
  • 9.6.
  • Handling Diethylaluminum Chloride
  • 9.7.
  • Spent Liquids
  • 9.8.
  • Synthetic Procedure for Fourth Generation Supported Catalyst
  • 9.8.1.
  • Measurement of Polymer Microtacticity by 13C NMR
  • Introduction
  • 9.8.2.
  • Procedure
  • 9.9.
  • Synthetic Procedure for Second Generation Precipitated TiCl3 Catalyst
  • 9.9.1.
  • Introduction
  • 9.9.2.
  • Procedure
  • 9.10.
  • 2.2.3.
  • Catalyst Analysis
  • 9.11.
  • Questions
  • References
  • 10.
  • Polymerization Catalyst Testing
  • 10.1.
  • Introduction
  • 10.2.
  • Facility Requirements
  • Total Isotactic Index
  • 10.3.
  • The Autoclave
  • 10.4.
  • Key Equipment Items
  • 10.5.
  • Raw Materials
  • 10.6.
  • Polymerization Conditions
  • 10.7.
  • Autoclave Preparation
  • 1.
  • 2.2.4.
  • 10.8.
  • Polymerization Test Procedure
  • 10.9.
  • Reproducibility
  • 10.10.
  • Testing Metallocene Catalysts
  • 10.11.
  • Questions
  • References
  • 11.
  • Total Xylene Insolubles
  • Downstream Aspects of Polypropylene
  • 11.1.
  • Introduction
  • 11.2.
  • Additives
  • 11.3.
  • Fabrication Methods
  • 11.4.
  • Biopolymers
  • 11.5.
  • 2.3.
  • Environmental
  • 11.6.
  • Questions
  • References
  • 12.
  • Overview of Polypropylene Markets
  • 12.1.
  • Introduction
  • 12.2.
  • The Supply Chain for Polypropylene
  • Molecular Weight and Molecular Weight Distribution
  • 12.3.
  • The Global Polypropylene Market
  • 12.4.
  • Questions
  • References
  • 13.
  • The Future of Polypropylene
  • 13.1.
  • Introduction
  • 13.2.
  • 2.3.1.
  • Key Growth Markets for Polypropylene
  • 13.3.
  • Polypropylene and Free Markets
  • 13.4.
  • Questions
  • References
  • Introduction
  • 2.3.2.
  • Gel Permeation Chromatography
  • 2.3.3.
  • Intrinsic Viscosity
  • Introduction to Polymers of Propylene
  • 2.3.4.
  • Melt Flow Rate
  • 2.4.
  • Polymer Bulk Density
  • 2.4.1.
  • Introduction
  • 2.4.2.
  • Measurement Method
  • 2.5.
  • Particle Size Distribution and Morphology
  • 1.1.
  • 2.5.1.
  • Introduction
  • 2.5.2.
  • Measurement Method
  • 2.6.
  • Questions
  • References
  • 3.
  • Ziegler-Natta Catalysts
  • 3.1.
  • Origins of Crystalline Polypropylene
  • A Brief History of Ziegler-Natta Catalysts
  • 3.2.
  • Definitions and Nomenclature
  • 3.3.
  • Characteristics of Ziegler-Natta Catalysts
  • 3.4.
  • Early Commercial Ziegler-Natta Catalysts
  • 3.5.
  • Supported Ziegler-Natta Catalysts
  • 3.6.
  • 1.2.
  • Prepolymerized Ziegler-Natta Catalysts
  • 3.7.
  • Mechanism of Ziegler-Natta Polymerization
  • 3.8.
  • Questions and Exercises
  • References
  • 4.
  • Propylene Polymerization Catalysts
  • 4.1.
  • Introduction
  • Basic Description of Polypropylene
  • 4.2.
  • Zero Generation Ziegler-Natta Catalysts
  • 4.3.
  • First Generation ZN Catalysts
  • 4.4.
  • Second Generation ZN Catalysts
  • 4.5.
  • Third Generation ZN Catalysts
  • 4.6.
  • Fourth Generation ZN Catalysts
  • 1.3.
  • 4.7.
  • Fifth Generation ZN Catalysts
  • 4.8.
  • ZN Catalysts for Atactic Polypropylene
  • 4.9.
  • Metallocenes and Other Single Site Catalysts
  • 4.10.
  • Cocatalysts for ZN Catalysts
  • 4.11.
  • Kinetics and ZN Catalyst Productivity
Control code
ocn756596972
Dimensions
25 cm
Extent
xxiv, 327 p.
Isbn
9781118062760
Isbn Type
(cloth)
Lccn
2012011007
Other physical details
ill.
System control number
(OCoLC)756596972

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