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The Resource Cognitive science : an introduction to the study of mind, Jay Friedenberg, Gordon Silverman

Cognitive science : an introduction to the study of mind, Jay Friedenberg, Gordon Silverman

Label
Cognitive science : an introduction to the study of mind
Title
Cognitive science
Title remainder
an introduction to the study of mind
Statement of responsibility
Jay Friedenberg, Gordon Silverman
Creator
Contributor
Subject
Language
eng
Cataloging source
DLC
http://library.link/vocab/creatorName
Friedenberg, Jay
Illustrations
illustrations
Index
index present
Literary form
non fiction
Nature of contents
bibliography
http://library.link/vocab/relatedWorkOrContributorName
Silverman, Gordon
http://library.link/vocab/subjectName
Cognitive science
Label
Cognitive science : an introduction to the study of mind, Jay Friedenberg, Gordon Silverman
Instantiates
Publication
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references and indexes
Contents
  • 1. Introduction: Exploring Inner Space -- A Brave New World -- What Is Cognitive Science? -- Representation -- Computation -- The Tri-Level Hypothesis -- Differing Views of Representation and Computation -- The Interdisciplinary Perspective -- The Philosophical Approach -- The Psychological Approach -- The Cognitive Approach -- The Neuroscience Approach -- The Network Approach -- The Evolutionary Approach -- The Linguistic Approach -- The Emotion Approach -- The Social Approach -- The Artificial Intelligence Approach -- The Robotics Approach -- Interdisciplinary Crossroads: The Philosophy and Psychology of Mental Representation -- Summing Up: A Review of Chapter 1 -- 2. The Philosophical Approach: Enduring Questions -- What Is Philosophy? -- The Mind-Body Problem -- Monism -- Evaluating the Monist Perspective -- Dualism -- Substance Dualism -- Property Dualism -- Evaluating the Dualist Perspective -- Functionalism -- Evaluating the Functionalist Perspective -- The Knowledge Acquisition Problem -- Evaluating the Knowledge Acquisition Debate -- The Mystery of Consciousness -- The What-It's-Like Argument -- Mind as an Emergent Property -- Evaluating the Emergent View of Mind -- Consciousness: One or Many? -- Consciousness and Neuroscience -- Consciousness and Artificial Intelligence -- Overall Evaluation of the Philosophical Approach -- Interdisciplinary Crossroads: Philosophy, Neuroscience, and Binocular Rivalry -- Summing Up: A Review of Chapter 2 -- 3. The Psychological Approach: A Profusion of Theories -- What Is Psychology? -- Psychology and the Scientific Method -- Mental Atoms, Mental Molecules, and a Periodic Table of the Mind: The Voluntarist Movement -- Evaluating the Voluntarist Approach -- Structuralism: What the Mind Is -- Evaluating the Structuralist Approach -- Functionalism: What the Mind Does -- Evaluating the Functionalist Approach -- The Whole Is Greater Than the Sum of Its Parts: Mental Physics and the Gestalt Movement -- Evaluating the Gestalt Approach -- Mini-Minds: Mechanism and Psychoanalytic Psychology -- Evaluating the Psychoanalytic Approach -- Mind as a Black Box: The Behaviorist Approach -- Evaluating the Behaviorist Approach -- Overall Evaluation of the Psychological Approach -- Interdisciplinary Crossroads: Gestalt Phenomenology, Experimental Psychology, and Perceptual Grouping -- Summing Up: A Review of Chapter 3 -- 4. The Cognitive Approach I: Vision, Pattern Recognition, and Attention -- Some History First: The Rise of Cognitive Psychology -- The Cognitive Approach: Mind as an Information Processor -- Modularity of Mind -- Evaluating the Modular Approach -- Theories of Vision and Pattern Recognition -- Template Matching Theory -- Evaluating Template Matching Theory -- Feature Detection Theory -- Evaluating Feature Detection Theory -- Recognition by Components Theory -- Evaluating Recognition by Components Theory -- Feature Integration Theory -- Evaluating Feature Integration Theory -- Theories of Attention -- Broadbent's Filter Model -- Evaluating the Filter Model -- Treisman's Attenuation Model -- The Deutsch-Norman Memory Selection Model -- The Multimode Model of Attention -- Kahneman's Capacity Model of Attention -- Evaluating the Capacity Model of Attention -- Evaluating the Model-Building Approach -- Interdisciplinary Crossroads: Computational Vision and Pattern Recognition -- Evaluating the Computational Approach to Vision -- Summing Up: A Review of Chapter 4 -- 5. The Cognitive Approach II: Memory, Imagery, and Problem Solving -- Types of Memory -- Sensory Memory -- Working Memory -- Scanning Items in Working Memory -- Long-Term Memory -- Memory Models -- The Modal Model -- Evaluating the Modal Model -- The ACT Model -- Evaluating the ACT Model -- The Working Memory Model -- Evaluating the Working Memory Model -- Visual Imagery -- The Kosslyn and Schwartz Theory of Visual Imagery -- Image Structures -- Image Processes -- Evaluating the Kosslyn and Schwartz Theory -- Problem Solving -- The General Problem Solver Model -- Evaluating the General Problem Solver Model -- Overall Evaluation of the Cognitive Approach -- Interdisciplinary Crossroads: Artificial Intelligence, Problem Solving, and the SOAR Model -- Evaluating the SOAR Model -- Summing Up: A Review of Chapter 5 -- 6. The Neuroscience Approach: Mind as Brain -- The Neuroscience Perspective -- Methodology in Neuroscience -- Techniques for the Study of Brain Damage -- Evaluating Techniques for the Study of Brain Damage -- Traditional Brain Recording Methods -- Modern Brain Imaging Methods -- Positron Emission Tomography -- Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging -- Magnetoencephalography -- Knife-Edge Scanning Microscope -- Brain Stimulation Techniques -- Electrode Stimulation -- Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation -- The Small Picture: Neuron Anatomy and Physiology -- The Big Picture: Brain Anatomy -- Directions in the Nervous System -- The Cortex -- The Split Brain -- The Neuroscience of Visual Object Recognition -- Visual Agnosias -- Apperceptive Agnosia -- Associative Agnosia -- Face Perception -- The Neuroscience of Attention -- Models of Attention -- A Component Process Model -- Distributed Network Models -- Disorders of Attention -- Hemispatial Neglect -- Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder -- The Neuroscience of Memory -- Learning and Memory -- The Hippocampal System -- Neural Substrates of Working Memory -- Evaluating the Neuroscience of Working Memory -- Neural Substrates of Long-Term Memories -- The Neuroscience of Executive Function and Problem Solving -- Theories of Executive Function -- Overall Evaluation of the Neuroscience Approach -- Interdisciplinary Crossroads: Perceptual Binding and Neural Synchrony -- Summing Up: A Review of Chapter 6 -- 7. The Network Approach: Mind as a Web -- The Network Perspective -- Artificial Neural Networks -- Characteristics of Artificial Neural Networks -- Early Conceptions of Neural Networks -- Back Propagation and Convergent Dynamics -- Artificial Neural Network Typologies -- NETtalk: An Example of a Back-Propagation Artificial Neural Network -- Evaluating the Connectionist Approach -- Advantages -- Problems and Disadvantages -- Semantic Networks: Meaning in the Web -- Characteristics of Semantic Networks -- A Hierarchical Semantic Network -- Evaluating the Hierarchical Model -- Propositional Semantic Networks -- Evaluating Semantic Networks -- Network Science -- Centrality -- Hierarchical Networks and the Brain -- Small-World Networks: It's a Small World After All -- Ordered and Random Connections -- Egalitarians and Aristocrats -- Neuroscience and Networks -- Small-World Networks and Synchrony -- Percolation -- Percolation and Psychology -- The Future of Network Science -- Overall Evaluation of the Network Approach -- Interdisciplinary Crossroads: Emotions and Networks -- Summing Up: A Review of Chapter 7 -- 8. The Evolutionary Approach: Change Over Time -- The Evolutionary View -- A Little Background: Natural Selection and Genetics -- Comparative Cognition -- Cognitive Adaptation in Animals -- Comparative Neuroscience -- Evaluating the Comparative Approach -- Evolutionary Psychology -- Evolved Psychological Mechanisms -- Evolution and Cognitive Processes -- Categorization -- Memory -- Logical Reasoning -- Judgment Under Uncertainty -- Language -- Behavioral Economics: How We Think About Money -- Sex Differences in Cognition -- Evaluating Evolutionary Psychology -- Overall Evaluation of the Evolutionary Approach -- Interdisciplinary Crossroads: Evolutionary Processes and Artificial Life -- Summing Up: A Review of Chapter 8 -- 9. The Linguistic Approach: Language and Cognitive Science -- The Linguistic Approach: The Importance of Language -- The Nature of Language -- Language Use in Primates -- Evaluating Language Use in Primates -- Language Acquisition -- Evaluating Language Acquisition -- Language Deprivation -- Evaluating Language Deprivation -- Cognition and Linguistics: The Role of Grammar -- Evaluating Universal Grammar -- Neuroscience and Linguistics: The Wernicke-Geschwind Model -- Evaluating the Wernicke-Geschwind Model -- Artificial Intelligence and Linguistics: Natural Language Processing -- Speech Recognition -- Syntactic Analysis -- Semantic Analysis -- Pragmatic Analysis -- Evaluation of Natural Language Processing -- Overall Evaluation of the Linguistic Approach -- Interdisciplinary Crossroads: Language, Philosophy, and the Linguistic Relativity Hypothesis -- Evaluating the Linguistic Relativity Hypothesis -- Summing Up: A Review of Chapter 9 -- 10. The Emotional Approach: Mind as Emotion -- What Is Emotion? -- Basic Emotions -- Theories of Emotion -- Hot and Cold: Emotion-Cognition Interactions -- Emotion and Perception/Attention -- Emotion and Memory -- Emotion, Mood, and Memory -- Emotion and Decision Making -- Emotions and Reasoning by Analogy -- Emotions and Neuroscience -- The Chemical and Electrical Basis of Emotional Computation -- Emotions, Evolution, and Psychological Disorders -- Disgust -- Fear -- Anger -- Sadness -- Happiness -- Emotions and Artificial Intelligence: Affective Computing -- Overall Evaluation of the Emotional Approach -- Interdisciplinary Crossroads: Emotion, Robotics, and the Kismet Project -- Summing Up: A Review of Chapter 10 -- 11. The Social Approach: Mind as Society -- Social Cognition -- Social Cognitive Neuroscience -- Topics in Social Cognitive Neuroscience --
  • Contents note continued: Evolution -- Attention -- Mirror Neurons -- Social Cognition as the Brain's Default State -- Is Social Cognitive Neuroscience Special? -- Advantages of the Social Cognitive Neuroscience Approach -- Theory of Mind -- Theory of Mind and Neuroscience -- Autism -- Autism and Theory of Mind -- Other Social Cognitive Disorders -- Attitudes -- Cognitive Dissonance -- Attitudes and Cognitive Processes -- Perception -- Attention -- Interpretation -- Learning -- Memory -- Attitudes and Neuroscience -- Impressions -- The Dual-Process Model of Impression Formation -- Attribution -- Attribution Biases -- Attribution and Cognitive Processes -- Attribution and Neuroscience -- Stereotypes -- Stereotypes and Cognitive Processes -- In-Groups and Out-Groups -- Automatic Stereotyping -- Stereotyping and Neuroscience -- Prejudice -- The Stereotype Content Model of Prejudice -- Overall Evaluation of the Social Approach -- Interdisciplinary Crossroads: Game Theory and the Prisoner's Dilemma -- Summing Up: A Review of Chapter 11 -- 12. The Artificial Intelligence Approach l: Mind as Machine -- Cognitive Science From the Artificial Intelligence Perspective -- Historical Precursors -- Universal Computation and Turing's Contribution -- The Turing Test -- Evaluating the Work of Turing's Universal Computing Machine -- Predictive Architectures and Their Physical Challenges -- Evaluating Machine Computational Limitations -- Artificial General Intelligence -- Evolutionary Computing -- Evaluation of Evolutionary Computing and Artificial General Intelligence -- Agent-Based Architectures -- Multiagent Systems -- Overall Evaluation of the Computer as a Model of Brain Organization -- Interdisciplinary Crossroads: Biology, Psychology, and Beneficial Robots -- Summing Up: A Review of Chapter 12 -- 13. The Artificial Intelligence Approach II: Embodiments and Robotics -- Introduction -- The Intelligent Agent Paradigm -- Why Biology Is Important -- Modeling Aspects of Biological Systems -- Abstracting General Principles of IAs -- Embodiment and Situational Aspects of Intelligent Behavior -- Relationships Between Elements of the IA System (Structure) and the Environment -- Applying the Principles to the Design of IAs -- Cognitive Models of IAs -- Deep Blue and the Chess Master -- Can an IA "Learn" to Play a Winning Game Without Knowing Anything About the Game? -- Expert Systems: A Culminating Top-Down Example -- Evaluation of Expert Systems -- Why Not Build a Brain?: The Blue Brain Project -- Robotic Embodiments: Ultimate IAs -- Defining a Robotic Embodiment -- The IA Embodiment Paradigm Explored -- Robotic Architectures -- Hierarchical Architectures -- Evaluation of the Hierarchical Paradigm -- Reactive Architectures -- Evaluation of the Reactive Paradigm -- The Hybrid Deliberative/Reactive Paradigm -- Evaluation of Hybrid Architectures -- Evaluation of Paradigm Foundations -- Biological and Social Influences on Robots -- Swarming: What Animals Can Teach Us -- Robotic Simulation -- Evaluation of the Biological Basis of IA Embodiments -- Evaluation of Robotic Embodiments of IAs -- Overall Evaluation of an IA Embodiment -- Interdisciplinary Crossroads: Where Biology Meets Technology -- Summing Up: A Review of Chapter 13 -- 14. Conclusion: Where We Go From Here -- The Benefits of Cognitive Science -- Issues in Cognitive Science -- Physical Environments -- Individual and Cultural Differences -- Consciousness -- Lack of a Unified Theory -- The Dynamical Systems Approach -- Nonlinearity -- Predictability -- State Space and Trajectories -- Attractors -- Dynamical Representation -- Symbolic Dynamics -- Dynamical Versus Classical Cognitive Science -- The Continuity of Mind -- Modularity Versus Distribularity -- Component-Dominant Versus Interaction-Dominant Dynamics -- Internalism Versus Externalism -- Situated Versus Embodied Cognition -- Feed-Forward Versus Recurrent Pathways -- Evaluating the Dynamical Perspective -- Integrating Cognitive Science -- Integration Across Levels of Description -- Integration Across Disciplines -- Integration Across Methodologies -- The Future -- Interdisciplinary Crossroads: Multiple Approaches to Levels of Explanation in Cognitive Science -- Summing Up: A Review of Chapter 14
Control code
ocn707887027
Dimensions
23 cm
Edition
2nd ed
Extent
xxv, 517 p.
Isbn
9781412977616
Isbn Type
(pbk.)
Lccn
2011011486
Other physical details
ill.
System control number
(OCoLC)707887027
Label
Cognitive science : an introduction to the study of mind, Jay Friedenberg, Gordon Silverman
Publication
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references and indexes
Contents
  • 1. Introduction: Exploring Inner Space -- A Brave New World -- What Is Cognitive Science? -- Representation -- Computation -- The Tri-Level Hypothesis -- Differing Views of Representation and Computation -- The Interdisciplinary Perspective -- The Philosophical Approach -- The Psychological Approach -- The Cognitive Approach -- The Neuroscience Approach -- The Network Approach -- The Evolutionary Approach -- The Linguistic Approach -- The Emotion Approach -- The Social Approach -- The Artificial Intelligence Approach -- The Robotics Approach -- Interdisciplinary Crossroads: The Philosophy and Psychology of Mental Representation -- Summing Up: A Review of Chapter 1 -- 2. The Philosophical Approach: Enduring Questions -- What Is Philosophy? -- The Mind-Body Problem -- Monism -- Evaluating the Monist Perspective -- Dualism -- Substance Dualism -- Property Dualism -- Evaluating the Dualist Perspective -- Functionalism -- Evaluating the Functionalist Perspective -- The Knowledge Acquisition Problem -- Evaluating the Knowledge Acquisition Debate -- The Mystery of Consciousness -- The What-It's-Like Argument -- Mind as an Emergent Property -- Evaluating the Emergent View of Mind -- Consciousness: One or Many? -- Consciousness and Neuroscience -- Consciousness and Artificial Intelligence -- Overall Evaluation of the Philosophical Approach -- Interdisciplinary Crossroads: Philosophy, Neuroscience, and Binocular Rivalry -- Summing Up: A Review of Chapter 2 -- 3. The Psychological Approach: A Profusion of Theories -- What Is Psychology? -- Psychology and the Scientific Method -- Mental Atoms, Mental Molecules, and a Periodic Table of the Mind: The Voluntarist Movement -- Evaluating the Voluntarist Approach -- Structuralism: What the Mind Is -- Evaluating the Structuralist Approach -- Functionalism: What the Mind Does -- Evaluating the Functionalist Approach -- The Whole Is Greater Than the Sum of Its Parts: Mental Physics and the Gestalt Movement -- Evaluating the Gestalt Approach -- Mini-Minds: Mechanism and Psychoanalytic Psychology -- Evaluating the Psychoanalytic Approach -- Mind as a Black Box: The Behaviorist Approach -- Evaluating the Behaviorist Approach -- Overall Evaluation of the Psychological Approach -- Interdisciplinary Crossroads: Gestalt Phenomenology, Experimental Psychology, and Perceptual Grouping -- Summing Up: A Review of Chapter 3 -- 4. The Cognitive Approach I: Vision, Pattern Recognition, and Attention -- Some History First: The Rise of Cognitive Psychology -- The Cognitive Approach: Mind as an Information Processor -- Modularity of Mind -- Evaluating the Modular Approach -- Theories of Vision and Pattern Recognition -- Template Matching Theory -- Evaluating Template Matching Theory -- Feature Detection Theory -- Evaluating Feature Detection Theory -- Recognition by Components Theory -- Evaluating Recognition by Components Theory -- Feature Integration Theory -- Evaluating Feature Integration Theory -- Theories of Attention -- Broadbent's Filter Model -- Evaluating the Filter Model -- Treisman's Attenuation Model -- The Deutsch-Norman Memory Selection Model -- The Multimode Model of Attention -- Kahneman's Capacity Model of Attention -- Evaluating the Capacity Model of Attention -- Evaluating the Model-Building Approach -- Interdisciplinary Crossroads: Computational Vision and Pattern Recognition -- Evaluating the Computational Approach to Vision -- Summing Up: A Review of Chapter 4 -- 5. The Cognitive Approach II: Memory, Imagery, and Problem Solving -- Types of Memory -- Sensory Memory -- Working Memory -- Scanning Items in Working Memory -- Long-Term Memory -- Memory Models -- The Modal Model -- Evaluating the Modal Model -- The ACT Model -- Evaluating the ACT Model -- The Working Memory Model -- Evaluating the Working Memory Model -- Visual Imagery -- The Kosslyn and Schwartz Theory of Visual Imagery -- Image Structures -- Image Processes -- Evaluating the Kosslyn and Schwartz Theory -- Problem Solving -- The General Problem Solver Model -- Evaluating the General Problem Solver Model -- Overall Evaluation of the Cognitive Approach -- Interdisciplinary Crossroads: Artificial Intelligence, Problem Solving, and the SOAR Model -- Evaluating the SOAR Model -- Summing Up: A Review of Chapter 5 -- 6. The Neuroscience Approach: Mind as Brain -- The Neuroscience Perspective -- Methodology in Neuroscience -- Techniques for the Study of Brain Damage -- Evaluating Techniques for the Study of Brain Damage -- Traditional Brain Recording Methods -- Modern Brain Imaging Methods -- Positron Emission Tomography -- Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging -- Magnetoencephalography -- Knife-Edge Scanning Microscope -- Brain Stimulation Techniques -- Electrode Stimulation -- Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation -- The Small Picture: Neuron Anatomy and Physiology -- The Big Picture: Brain Anatomy -- Directions in the Nervous System -- The Cortex -- The Split Brain -- The Neuroscience of Visual Object Recognition -- Visual Agnosias -- Apperceptive Agnosia -- Associative Agnosia -- Face Perception -- The Neuroscience of Attention -- Models of Attention -- A Component Process Model -- Distributed Network Models -- Disorders of Attention -- Hemispatial Neglect -- Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder -- The Neuroscience of Memory -- Learning and Memory -- The Hippocampal System -- Neural Substrates of Working Memory -- Evaluating the Neuroscience of Working Memory -- Neural Substrates of Long-Term Memories -- The Neuroscience of Executive Function and Problem Solving -- Theories of Executive Function -- Overall Evaluation of the Neuroscience Approach -- Interdisciplinary Crossroads: Perceptual Binding and Neural Synchrony -- Summing Up: A Review of Chapter 6 -- 7. The Network Approach: Mind as a Web -- The Network Perspective -- Artificial Neural Networks -- Characteristics of Artificial Neural Networks -- Early Conceptions of Neural Networks -- Back Propagation and Convergent Dynamics -- Artificial Neural Network Typologies -- NETtalk: An Example of a Back-Propagation Artificial Neural Network -- Evaluating the Connectionist Approach -- Advantages -- Problems and Disadvantages -- Semantic Networks: Meaning in the Web -- Characteristics of Semantic Networks -- A Hierarchical Semantic Network -- Evaluating the Hierarchical Model -- Propositional Semantic Networks -- Evaluating Semantic Networks -- Network Science -- Centrality -- Hierarchical Networks and the Brain -- Small-World Networks: It's a Small World After All -- Ordered and Random Connections -- Egalitarians and Aristocrats -- Neuroscience and Networks -- Small-World Networks and Synchrony -- Percolation -- Percolation and Psychology -- The Future of Network Science -- Overall Evaluation of the Network Approach -- Interdisciplinary Crossroads: Emotions and Networks -- Summing Up: A Review of Chapter 7 -- 8. The Evolutionary Approach: Change Over Time -- The Evolutionary View -- A Little Background: Natural Selection and Genetics -- Comparative Cognition -- Cognitive Adaptation in Animals -- Comparative Neuroscience -- Evaluating the Comparative Approach -- Evolutionary Psychology -- Evolved Psychological Mechanisms -- Evolution and Cognitive Processes -- Categorization -- Memory -- Logical Reasoning -- Judgment Under Uncertainty -- Language -- Behavioral Economics: How We Think About Money -- Sex Differences in Cognition -- Evaluating Evolutionary Psychology -- Overall Evaluation of the Evolutionary Approach -- Interdisciplinary Crossroads: Evolutionary Processes and Artificial Life -- Summing Up: A Review of Chapter 8 -- 9. The Linguistic Approach: Language and Cognitive Science -- The Linguistic Approach: The Importance of Language -- The Nature of Language -- Language Use in Primates -- Evaluating Language Use in Primates -- Language Acquisition -- Evaluating Language Acquisition -- Language Deprivation -- Evaluating Language Deprivation -- Cognition and Linguistics: The Role of Grammar -- Evaluating Universal Grammar -- Neuroscience and Linguistics: The Wernicke-Geschwind Model -- Evaluating the Wernicke-Geschwind Model -- Artificial Intelligence and Linguistics: Natural Language Processing -- Speech Recognition -- Syntactic Analysis -- Semantic Analysis -- Pragmatic Analysis -- Evaluation of Natural Language Processing -- Overall Evaluation of the Linguistic Approach -- Interdisciplinary Crossroads: Language, Philosophy, and the Linguistic Relativity Hypothesis -- Evaluating the Linguistic Relativity Hypothesis -- Summing Up: A Review of Chapter 9 -- 10. The Emotional Approach: Mind as Emotion -- What Is Emotion? -- Basic Emotions -- Theories of Emotion -- Hot and Cold: Emotion-Cognition Interactions -- Emotion and Perception/Attention -- Emotion and Memory -- Emotion, Mood, and Memory -- Emotion and Decision Making -- Emotions and Reasoning by Analogy -- Emotions and Neuroscience -- The Chemical and Electrical Basis of Emotional Computation -- Emotions, Evolution, and Psychological Disorders -- Disgust -- Fear -- Anger -- Sadness -- Happiness -- Emotions and Artificial Intelligence: Affective Computing -- Overall Evaluation of the Emotional Approach -- Interdisciplinary Crossroads: Emotion, Robotics, and the Kismet Project -- Summing Up: A Review of Chapter 10 -- 11. The Social Approach: Mind as Society -- Social Cognition -- Social Cognitive Neuroscience -- Topics in Social Cognitive Neuroscience --
  • Contents note continued: Evolution -- Attention -- Mirror Neurons -- Social Cognition as the Brain's Default State -- Is Social Cognitive Neuroscience Special? -- Advantages of the Social Cognitive Neuroscience Approach -- Theory of Mind -- Theory of Mind and Neuroscience -- Autism -- Autism and Theory of Mind -- Other Social Cognitive Disorders -- Attitudes -- Cognitive Dissonance -- Attitudes and Cognitive Processes -- Perception -- Attention -- Interpretation -- Learning -- Memory -- Attitudes and Neuroscience -- Impressions -- The Dual-Process Model of Impression Formation -- Attribution -- Attribution Biases -- Attribution and Cognitive Processes -- Attribution and Neuroscience -- Stereotypes -- Stereotypes and Cognitive Processes -- In-Groups and Out-Groups -- Automatic Stereotyping -- Stereotyping and Neuroscience -- Prejudice -- The Stereotype Content Model of Prejudice -- Overall Evaluation of the Social Approach -- Interdisciplinary Crossroads: Game Theory and the Prisoner's Dilemma -- Summing Up: A Review of Chapter 11 -- 12. The Artificial Intelligence Approach l: Mind as Machine -- Cognitive Science From the Artificial Intelligence Perspective -- Historical Precursors -- Universal Computation and Turing's Contribution -- The Turing Test -- Evaluating the Work of Turing's Universal Computing Machine -- Predictive Architectures and Their Physical Challenges -- Evaluating Machine Computational Limitations -- Artificial General Intelligence -- Evolutionary Computing -- Evaluation of Evolutionary Computing and Artificial General Intelligence -- Agent-Based Architectures -- Multiagent Systems -- Overall Evaluation of the Computer as a Model of Brain Organization -- Interdisciplinary Crossroads: Biology, Psychology, and Beneficial Robots -- Summing Up: A Review of Chapter 12 -- 13. The Artificial Intelligence Approach II: Embodiments and Robotics -- Introduction -- The Intelligent Agent Paradigm -- Why Biology Is Important -- Modeling Aspects of Biological Systems -- Abstracting General Principles of IAs -- Embodiment and Situational Aspects of Intelligent Behavior -- Relationships Between Elements of the IA System (Structure) and the Environment -- Applying the Principles to the Design of IAs -- Cognitive Models of IAs -- Deep Blue and the Chess Master -- Can an IA "Learn" to Play a Winning Game Without Knowing Anything About the Game? -- Expert Systems: A Culminating Top-Down Example -- Evaluation of Expert Systems -- Why Not Build a Brain?: The Blue Brain Project -- Robotic Embodiments: Ultimate IAs -- Defining a Robotic Embodiment -- The IA Embodiment Paradigm Explored -- Robotic Architectures -- Hierarchical Architectures -- Evaluation of the Hierarchical Paradigm -- Reactive Architectures -- Evaluation of the Reactive Paradigm -- The Hybrid Deliberative/Reactive Paradigm -- Evaluation of Hybrid Architectures -- Evaluation of Paradigm Foundations -- Biological and Social Influences on Robots -- Swarming: What Animals Can Teach Us -- Robotic Simulation -- Evaluation of the Biological Basis of IA Embodiments -- Evaluation of Robotic Embodiments of IAs -- Overall Evaluation of an IA Embodiment -- Interdisciplinary Crossroads: Where Biology Meets Technology -- Summing Up: A Review of Chapter 13 -- 14. Conclusion: Where We Go From Here -- The Benefits of Cognitive Science -- Issues in Cognitive Science -- Physical Environments -- Individual and Cultural Differences -- Consciousness -- Lack of a Unified Theory -- The Dynamical Systems Approach -- Nonlinearity -- Predictability -- State Space and Trajectories -- Attractors -- Dynamical Representation -- Symbolic Dynamics -- Dynamical Versus Classical Cognitive Science -- The Continuity of Mind -- Modularity Versus Distribularity -- Component-Dominant Versus Interaction-Dominant Dynamics -- Internalism Versus Externalism -- Situated Versus Embodied Cognition -- Feed-Forward Versus Recurrent Pathways -- Evaluating the Dynamical Perspective -- Integrating Cognitive Science -- Integration Across Levels of Description -- Integration Across Disciplines -- Integration Across Methodologies -- The Future -- Interdisciplinary Crossroads: Multiple Approaches to Levels of Explanation in Cognitive Science -- Summing Up: A Review of Chapter 14
Control code
ocn707887027
Dimensions
23 cm
Edition
2nd ed
Extent
xxv, 517 p.
Isbn
9781412977616
Isbn Type
(pbk.)
Lccn
2011011486
Other physical details
ill.
System control number
(OCoLC)707887027

Library Locations

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      Wellington- Massey University Library, Block 5, 63 Wallace Street, Wellington, 6021, NZ
      -40.385395 175.617407
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